Boundaries of Virginia
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AN exact description of the limits and Limits, boundaries of the state of Virginia ?
Virginia is bounded on the East by the Atlantic: on the North by a line of latitude, crossing the Eastern Shore through Watkins's Point, being about 37°. 57'. North latitude; from thence by a streight line to Cinquac, near the mouth of Patowmac; thence by the Patowmac, which is common to Virginia and Maryland, to the first fountain of its northern branch; thence by a meridian line, passing through that fountain till it intersects a line running East and West, in latitude 390°. 43', 42.4" which divides Maryland from Pennsylvania, and which was marked by Messrs. Mason and Dixon Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon had drawn the boundary between Maryland and Virginia in the 1760s, creating the famous "Mason-Dixon" line that would distinguish North from South by the time of the Civil War.; thence by that line, and a continuation of it westwardly to the completion of five degrees of longitude from the eastern boundary of Pennsylvania, in the same latitude, and thence by a meridian line to the Ohio: On the West by the Ohio and Missisipi, to latitude 36°. 30'. North : and on the South by the line of latitude last- [ 2 ]Jacques Cassini (1677-1756) had calculated the precise distance of a degree of latitude.. These boundaries include an area somewhat triangular, of 121525 square miles, whereof 79650 lie westward of the Allegany mountains, and 57034 westward of the meridian of the mouth of the Great Kanhaway Now more commonly known as the New River.. This state is therefore one third larger than the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, which are reckoned at 88357 square miles.
These limits result from, 1. The antient charters from the crown of England. 2. The grant of Maryland to the Lord Baltimore, and the subsequent determinations of the British court as to the extent of that grant. 3. The grant of Pennsylvania to William Penn, and a compact between the general assemblies of the commonwealths of Virginia and Pennsylvania as to the extent of that grant. 4. The grant of Carolina, and [ 3 ]